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9月14日 The Impact of Masers in Modern Astrophysics
2018年08月15日

  Title: The Impact of Masers in Modern Astrophysics

  by James Moran (Donald H. Menzel Professor of Astrophysics, Emeritus)

  Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

  Prof. James Moran's home page: https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~jmoran/

  Abstract: I will describe the discovery of cosmic masers in 1965 and their subsequent use as probes of astrophysical phenomena. I will concentrate on two topics: the measurement of magnetic field strength in regions of star formation and the measurements of the masses and distances to black holes in the centers of active galaxies through the Keplerian motions of their associated water vapor masers. The archetypical maser of this type is associated with the galaxy NGC4258. It was discovered in 1984 by Fred Lo and his collaborators at the Owens Valley Radio Observatory. Their work transformed the paradigm for extragalactic maser emission. I will describe how precise measurement of the masers in this galaxy have led to very accurate determinations of the mass of the associated black hole (3.9 +/- 0.1 x 10^7 solar masses) and its distance (7.5 +/- 0.2 Mpc). The masers in NGC4258 have been detected on baselines of up to 26 Earth diameters (a resolution of 8 microarcseconds) with the RadioAstron mission. I will also discuss the impact of maser distance measurements on the determination of H_o, a topic of particular interest to Lo.

  时间:9月14日上午9:30

  地点:紫台3号楼302会议室(南京市栖霞区元化路8号)

欢迎大家参加!

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